15+ Polka Dot Plant Care Tips: How To Grow Hypoestes Indoors

The polka dot plant is a striking tiny plant with brilliantly spotted leaves that stick out against the background of most other greenery. The most popular pink polka dot flower on the sale has pink-tinged leaves with green spots. However, various additional spotted houseplant kinds are available, including purple, white, and red mottled variations.

Polka dot plants are popular houseplants that have brightly colored leaves. They’ve been heavily modified to generate a wide range of colors and leaf spotting patterns. This houseplant, also known as the freckle face plant, can thrive in any type of indirect light, but the color is finest in lower light.

Here we are going to talk about complete polka dot plant care and growing tips. Caring Hypoestes Indoors isn’t that complicated. like peace lily, Pothos, ferns but few little steps are required in order to grow polka dot plants well. They need ideal sunlight, along with good natural fertilizer doses like calcium, nitrogen, and rich soil. Also remember to Water them regularly to keep the soil moist but not too over watery, they like high humidity and moderate temperature.

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Things To Expect From This Article

Is polka Dot Plant Indoor Or Outdoor? 

Polka dots plants grow best inside, but they can also be grown outside as annual crops in cool to warm climates. The foliage provides a nice contrast to the colorful perennial flowers and forms a nice mound. This cute plant works well in a planter with other leaf plants, in a color display with florals, or summer borders for extra texture.

Are Hypoestes Plants Easy To Grow Indoors?

Although hypoestes plants are not hard to propagate, many gardeners treat them as annuals, replacing them with new plants per year as they’re only native to warm climates and do not do well in the cold.

Polka Dot Plant Care
Polka Dot Plant Care

They could also be cultivated as houseplants in pots. They’re best grown in the spring, they have a tolerable growth rate, and, once mature, remain rather small, particularly when cultivated inside.

The Pink plants are simple to grow and propagate. In ideal conditions, the freckle face plant produces little blooms and seeds. Seeds germinate best in warm and moist soils, with temperatures between 21 to 27 degrees celsius. However, cuttings are the most convenient way to grow a polka dot plant.

Polka Dot Plant Profile

 Below is a brief description of the speckled leaf plant.

Botanical NameHypoestes phyllostachya
Common NamesPolka dot plant, flamingo plant, freckle face, measles plant, pink dot
Plant Type Herbaceous perennial
Sun Exposure Part shade
Soil TypeOrganically rich, medium moisture, well-draining
Soil pH pH 5.6 to 6.5
Bloom Time Seasonally
Flower ColorLilac
Growing ZonesZones 10 to 11
Origin Madagascar
Best Growing seasonspring to fall 
ToxicityNon-toxic

How Do You Grow And Care For A Hypoestes Plant?

The pink dot plant requires the right growing conditions for it to develop well, that is why we have highlighted some important growing conditions for you to follow its application.

1. Temperature

Polka dot plants prefer temperatures between 21 to 27 degrees celsius and are only tolerant to USDA planting zones 10 and 11. The polka dot plant seed should only be sown outside after the danger of frost has gone in the spring, and its plant should be taken inside just before the first frost in the fall if you wish to have them over the winter period. 

 Furthermore, they like humid settings, with a minimum humidity level of 50%. You can spritz your plant’s leaves or lay its pot on a platter loaded with pebbles and water to increase humidity, as long as the water is not touching the base of the polka dot flower pot.

2. Soil 

 Hypoestes plant species thrive well in organically rich soil that drains well. Usually, a general-purpose organic potting mix will suffice for these plants. If the soil drainage has to be improved, add some diorite or perlite.

3. Water

These plants require a constant supply of moisture in the soil. Allowing the soil to dry out will make the flower suffer and the foliage wilt. However, never allow the soil to become too moist, as this will cause root rot and consequently the death of the plant.

Watering whenever the upper half-inch portion of the soil has dried up is a fair rule of thumb, keep in mind that pot plants will require more regular watering than those planted in the field. In addition, watering should be reduced significantly in the winter and resumed once growth resumes in the spring.

4. Fertilizer Measurements

During the growing season, apply fertilize to the polka dot plant that is cultivated outside once per month. Use a fertilizer with a balanced ratio, such as 20-20-20. Pour half-full teaspoon fertilizer diluted in a gallon of water over the soil surrounding the plant.

5. Space between plants

When planting in the ground, space your polka dot plants up to 10 inches apart, and 5 to 6 inches apart in containers. Choose a larger pot if planted with other annuals to give space for growth and plant it in a shaded location if grown outdoors.

6. Companions

The polka-dot plant is a perfect companion to shade-loving flowers like impatiens, wax, and tuberous begonias, whether grown outside or in a container.

Bromeliads, Anthurium, Philodendron, Lucky Bamboo, and English Ivy can also be cultivated with these shade-loving houseplants. Polka-dot plants can also be nestled into shady polka dot plant perennial gardens for a burst of color throughout the summer.

Polka Dot Plant Benefits

A veranda with a blossoming, green garden is not only refreshing, but it also adds to the aesthetic appeal of your home. We supply you with all Polka Dot Plant uses if you intend to have the pink splash Plant in your garden. Aesthetic applications, beauty advantages, therapeutic benefits, and so on are only a few examples. Some uses of Polka Dot Plant are listed below.

Polka Dot Plant Care and Benefits

1. Helps To Make Night Sleep Smooth And Relaxing

Since these plants release oxygen during the night, the more healthy oxygen you receive, the more peaceful and at ease you will feel. It will progressively enhance your night sleep, and if you are on medication, you will no longer require it. However, if you have trouble sleeping, reading books followed by sleeping is a good idea.

2. Medicinal use

Plants were the basic source of medication utilized for practically most types of health conditions long before Allopathy became a component of medical science. Many doctors still employ this traditional botanical knowledge to treat health problems.

Polka plants can manufacture a vast range of chemical substances that are utilized to carry out critical biological tasks. Many attractive plants have medicinal properties that we are ignorant of. Even if the plants in your garden aren’t herbs, it’s still a good idea to know their therapeutic properties.

3. Aesthetic use 

It’s a lovely plant, so it’ll lift your spirits with its beauty. This improves one’s mood as well as one’s creativity. Its natural air filtering properties help to alleviate tension, weariness, and illness.

4. Polka Dot Plants Can Help Reduce Dust 

Since they can raise the humidity level inside the house and even outside in the surroundings. As a result, when we discuss polluted air, we also include dust particles, which can be minimized by planting more polka trees in the house.

And thereby increasing humidity in our homes, so dust particles don’t flow and fall to the ground, and we can cleanse the surroundings and save ourselves from dust. Because of this, you should change your watering plan based on the season.

Polka Dot Plant Life Span

A year is all it takes for the pink-white polka dot plant to finish its life cycle. If you cultivate it indoors, though, you can extend its short lifespan. You can continue to grow them outside and propagate them each year.

Although the short lifespan of Hypoestes may appear to be a disadvantage for growing this plant, its propagation is a great benefit. Cuttings are the simplest and most prevalent form of its propagation.

How Often Should I Water My Polka Dot Plant

A polka-dot plant, like other annual plants, slows down or stops growing in the winter. Once the weather warms up, your polka dot plant should resume normal development.

Summertime

At this period the plant will bloom and grow at a rapid rate. The soil would dry very fast due to a mix of hot, sunny weather. As a result, you’ll need to maintain the soil moisture content by watering it frequently. Before the next irrigation, ensure that the top quarter-inch of soil is dry to avoid root rot that may result from waterlogged soil.

Wintertime

Polka-dot plants often go dormant or develop slowly during this time. As a result, you should reduce the watering rate, Check the moisture level of the soil every week or so. Before watering it again, wait till the top half-inch of soil has dried up.

Springtime

In the spring, you should resume your normal watering schedule. Your polka-dot tot will produce buds and maybe blossom at this time of year. Before watering again, ensure that the top quarter to half-inch of soil is fairly dry.

During the flowering period. 

The polka-dot plants consume the most nutrients at this stage. As a result, you’ll need to increase your watering to keep up with the requirement. Look for symptoms of discoloration, drooping, or brown spots on the leaves. Polka-dot plants bloom in the late spring or summer, so water them more frequently then.

How To pinch Back Polka Dot Plant

Pinching back is much the same as pruning. Doing t his will encourage the plant to grow new, robust branches, as well as keep the plant healthy and free of legginess. Pruning can be done at any time of year, however, the stem will grow back quickly during growing seasons like spring and summer.

Locate the stem node whereby many leaves are sprouting when trimming polka dots and cut the tip-off at this point, this will allow the node produces more stems, resulting in the bushier growing of the plant.

Both outside and inside, these plants grow more quickly. Outside, they may grow larger than indoors since more indirect light is available; they can reach a height of 2-3 feet. You may also cut it back to make it more compact at any moment.

Polka Dot Plant Propagation

 Below are the steps to follow for water-based polka dot plant propagation.

Step 1

 Cut a two-inch part of the plant stem with a clean a sharp knife. Only keep in mind the section you’re using must have at least 2 viable leaves at the top and a few nodes, which are lumps from which new roots will grow.

 Step 2

Put the stem cuttings in water-filled containers. Any container will suffice so far at least one of the cuttings’ nodes is submerged. Placing the containers near windows that receive indirect sunlight is a good idea. Direct sunlight is excessive and can promote algae growth, though not hazardous it is unpleasant to look at.

 Step 3

Once or twice a week, replace the water to remove any muck accumulation and to promote healthy development.

Varieties Of Polka Dots

The polka dot plant comes in over a hundred different kinds. The most prevalent ones are mentioned here, along with brief explanations.

1. Camina

leaves are dark green with crimson spots

2. Confetti

Green confetti leaves with white, pink, rose, red, or burgundy dots

3. Pink Brocade

Leaves are green with mottled pink dots.

4. Purpariana

Purple-tinged leaves characterize this breed. It’s also a lovely type that requires full sun to thrive. The breed requires soil that is rich in nutrients and drains well-drained.

5. Red Splash

This type reaches a height of twelve inches and has a similar spread. It is a sturdy annual plant that belongs to the polka dot plant’s splash series. The red, pointed leaves of these species have dark green markings on them all year.

6. Wit

The white leaves of these hypoestes plants typically have a peculiar marbling.

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Why Is My Pink Polka Dot Plant Dying?

The following condition listed below might be the cause for the dying off of your polka dot plant.

Underwatering

This is almost certainly the most typical reason. Polka dot plants that are not watered adequately die off immediately, rather than yellowing first. Always make sure you keep the soil/potting mix wet at all times.

Light

Browning of leaves can be caused by too much or too little light. You must realize that light plays a critical role in the life of a Polka dot plant. Put the plant in a location where adequate bright and indirect sunlight will be able to shine on it.

Too much fertilizer

Plant death can also be caused by overfeeding the plant. This could be the case when you recently feed your Polka dot plant. To remove extra salt deposits, rinse the soil using a lot of water.

Common Issues With Yellow Dot Plant 

Pest

Whiteflies, Aphids, and Mealy Bugs may be attracted to the colorful leaves of a Polka Dot. Apply the green insecticide solution at a half-strength to eliminate these pests. 

Diseases

Rotting of the roots, infections causing leaf spots, rust, and powdery mildew are common diseases linked with Polka Dot Plants. Powdery mildew is caused by overwatering.

Common questions on polka dot plant care

Q1: Do Hypoestes Come Back Every Year?

Yes, This Plant Is Still A Perennial, In That It Will Defoliate, But Grow Back In The Springtime.

Q2: How Long Do Potted Polka Dots Last?

A Year Is All It Takes For A Polka Dot Plant To Complete Its Life Cycle.

Q3: Is Polka Dot Poisonous?

No, The Pink-White Polka Plant Is Non-Toxic. It Is Not Harmful To Humans And Other Animals.

Q4: Can Polka Dots Grow In Shade? 

Yes, They Do Best In Somewhat Shady Areas With Bright, Filtered Light.

Q5: Where Do Hypoestes Grow?

Polka Dot Plant Grows Best In A Medium-Light Environment.

Q6: How Do You Make Hypoestes Bloom?

By Giving It The Right Growing Conditions And Trimming It As At When Due.

Q7: Do Hypoestes Need Direct Sunlight?

No, They Required Filtered Light Because Powerful UV-Ray From Direct Sunlight Will Burn The Leaves.

Q8: Are Coffee Grounds Good For Hypoestes Plants?

Yes, But Don’t Apply Too Much As It Can Induce Fungal Growth Due To The Water Retention Ability Of The Grounds.

Q9: Polka Dot Plant Is Dying Off Sign?

The Presence Of Rubbery And Curled Leaves On The Polka Plant Signifies Its Dying Off.

Q10: Are Eggshells Good For Polka Dot Plants?

Applying Eggshells Is An Excellent Way To Provide Calcium To Your Polka Plants.

Q11: Can You Overwater A Polka Dot Plant? 

No, Soggy Soil That Arises From Overwatering Causes The Yellowing Of The Leaves.

Q12: Is Polka Dot Plant Indoor or Outdoor? 

Polka Dots Plants Grow Best Inside, But They Can Also Be Grown Outside As Annual Crops In Cool To Warm Climates.

Conclusion

Polka dot plants, in my opinion, are the greatest choice for displaying or decorating your room with natural biological floral plants that are easy to care for and propagate. By selecting these plants, you can enhance the beauty of your surroundings.

By selecting these plants, you can enhance the beauty of your surroundings. The Hypoestes plant is a low-maintenance plant but requires the right growing medium. Some of the growing tips have been highlighted above, follow them to the letter.

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