13+ Secrets: How To Grow Plants In Water (Beginners Guide)

How To Grow Plants In Water? Plants that grow in Water have adapted themselves to the surrounding aquatic environment. Generally, the marine environment is broadly classified into freshwater and saltwater.

Water plants are those plants that grow in water or near the Water is called hydroponics. A water plant is either emergent or floating and also categorized according to it. 

How To Grow Plants In Water
How To Grow Plants In Water

Plants that live in Water refer to those groups of aquatic organisms that are large enough to be seen with the naked eye. Plants that grow in Water only have some specific functions in marine ecosystems. 

Therefore, plants in Water play an essential role in the basic structure and functioning of the aquatic ecosystem by providing food to humans, shelter, and other benefits like a variety of products and many beneficial services that are supplied by growing plants in water. 

The article comprises the answers to the questions related to the various aspects of how to grow plants in Water, growth rate, and conditions under which we have to take proper care of the plants that can grow in Water. 

    Here we will deeply look at all questions under limited factor conditions.

    How To Grow Plants In Water Without Soil?

    Growing plants in water is popular among the people, and it is eco-friendly. The primary key to plants that can grow in water is to provide them with an adequate amount of mineral nutrients.

    Mainly home plants that can grow in water require essential mineral nutrients, which also include nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus. 

    Hence you can grow plants in water by providing these mineral nutrients to plants that only need Water and can grow them quickly. 

    Specifically, they are called indoor water plants. Indoor plants that grow in Water have a typical growth rate; hence their trends show no sign of slowing down.

    Further, they are a dirt-free method of growing plants and come with an allergy-friendly guarantee. Now there arise many doubts regarding the process or methods of growing plants in water without soil.

    The best fertilizers for plants growing in water are:

    Miracle-Gro Water Soluble All Purpose Plant Food, Fertilizer for Indoor or Outdoor Flowers, Vegetables or Trees, 10 lbs.

    Purived 20oz All-Purpose Liquid Plant Fertilizer - Makes 50 Gallons, For Indoor Houseplants, All-Natural, Groundwater Safe, Made in USA

    Osmocote Smart-Release Plant Food Plus Outdoor & Indoor, 2 lb.

    MARPHYL Organic Liquid Fertilizer - Outdoor & Indoor Plant Food - All-Purpose, Nutrient-Rich Lawn Fertilizer & Soil Enhancer for House Plants, Flowers, Vegetables, Succulents, Bamboo, Hydroponics

    The Steps Follows On How To Grow Plants In Water:

    So, let’s clear the method of planting a plant in Water by step by step analysis.

    #1 Identity Plant

    First, you are required to identify any plant from the indoor water garden plants. Since they are much more representative of these kinds of plantation processes.

    And can absorb all the necessary nutrients available for the growth of a water plant indoors

    #2 Take A Cutting

    Then take a cutting from the existing plant, and you should keep in mind that you need to cut it just below the node of a suitable size (not too large), and it must have some leaves.

    #3 Select A Suitable Holder

    • Find a holder for your home plant that will grow in Water. It would be best if you chose a holder that can keep the plant in an upright position.
    • The chemical bonds inside the plant’s cells create forces that keep the cells attached to each other. There is also a critical pressure, which is called turgor pressure that provides the plants that only need Water this pulling force.
    • Basically, this is a force that enables each cell wall rigid, or in a more specific term, the chains of Water create turgidity, which supports the plant’s structure and helps keep it upright. 

    #4 Find a Suitable Place To Hang Or Place

    • Spot finding is as essential as choosing a suitable holder for your home plants that grow in water. A place where there is bright and indirect light is perfect for keeping your plant as it is directly proportional to the success of your plant.
    • Plants such as Chinese evergreen in Water, tolerate low light. However, most of these home plants are tropical plants that require indirect light to flourish; this means that the plant receives bright light. But no sunlight falls on it. 
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    #5 Wait Plant To Be Sprouted

    • The next step is a very patient process as it requires great patience to wait for it to grow. For the very first few months, you need to replace the water on a weekly basis until the root comes out, and further.
    • After that, you can either shift it to soil or keep the plant in Water only. But if you are planning to keep the plant in Water, then you need to keep replacing the Water monthly. 

    Now it may be from one of the following, either the root will come out or not. Don’t be discouraged if the root doesn’t come out. You can try again.

    Best Plant Types That Grow In Water

    #1 Lotus

    It has been crowned India’s national flower for its striking large-petaled. Flowers and basically thrive in Water up to 10 inches deep and 2-6 feet wide. It produces large floating leaves, but the leaves are thin, and bloom in the spring season only. 

    #2 Cattail

    Cattails are widely grown along the shallow water of rivers and lakes they can be spotted in ponds also. Their primary function is to provide shelter and food for insects and birds. Cattail can grow up to 9 feet tall. 

    #3 Amazon Lilly

    They are huge flowers that can be grown in a large pond or lake. They have hardy versions that can withstand winter in deep ponds, and another variety is the tropical variety which can’t withstand winter temperatures and needs to be shifted indoors. 

    #4 Flag Iris

    They come in a variety of blue and yellow flag irises that have drooping tropical flowers and can be grown in wet areas as well as marshy areas. They have a standard height of reaching up to 3 feet and have a sword-like green leaf.

    #5 Golden Pothos

    They are also called money plants and are widely used across the globe. They can grow in soil as well as in the water. Both the ways it grows very well. And due to its less maintenance feature, it’s my personal favorite.

    How To Grow Plants In Water
    How To Grow Plants In Water

    Growing Plants In Water Hydroponics

    The soil itself isn’t compulsory for plants. Mineral, nutrients in the soil are contained close to plant roots. The key to plant growth hides in its mineral requirements that compromise mineral nutrients.

    Which also include nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus. By using a method called “hydroponics,” you can do plantation in a diluted solution of mineral nutrients rather than raising your plant in soil.

    How To Grow Plants In Water
    How To Grow Plants In Water

    This Sort of plant grows faster, and leaves producing high yields are mainly used in hydroponic farming. Large hydroponic farms use a vast network of pipes with holes in them for plants to be kept in those holes. 

    These soil materials can provide more generous favor for the plant’s root technique. This process of growing plants has an extensive range of benefits for those who have good soil as hydroponics allows residents to grow fresh foods.

    Check below how to grow veggies in hydroponic methods.

    Indian Plants That Grow In Water

    Lucky Bamboo plant (Dracaena sanderiana) is one of the famous and used Indian indoor plants and can be observed at many offices and houses. The entire submergence of plant leaves in water with a reliably aligned placement is expected for better growth of the plant.

    The other such Indian water-growing plants include:

    • Ugaoo Areca Palm
    • Sansevievieria Golden Hahnii Snake plant
    • Good luck Jade plant

    These are easy to maintain and need no special care. If you aspire to grow Indian plants in water it is an efficient way to do so.

    Growing Vegetables In Water

    Cucumbers, Celery, tomatoes, peppers, and other leafy vegetables can be grown in water with easy implementation of caring, and planting techniques. A favorable method includes putting the seeds of the plant in water and allowing them to extract nutrients from the water itself.

    A few measures to ensure while growing vegetables in water are:

    1. Use clean water (Free from chlorine and fluoride)
    2. Use a container (pot) having a narrow mouth. This will ensure the alignment of the root. 

    Outdoor Plants That Grow In Water

    • Equisetum Hyemale: This plant is also known as rough horsetail, which is an excellent plant for adding a vertical presence to your outdoor ponds.
    • They can grow up to 3 feet, and they have another variety that grows up to 8 feet, often called dwarf variety. These plants are usually poisonous to horses and cattle.
    • Cyperus Alternifolius: This plant is also popularly known as umbrella palm. It can grow to a height of around six feet. It is basically a fast-growing plant. The best practice to plant the Cyperus Alternifolius is in a plastic tub.
    • Myosotis scorpiodes: It is also known as Water Forget-Me-Not and comes with basically two variations of color that are blue or pink. Myosotis scorpiodes are best planted in flowing water, such as in waterfalls.
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    Kitchen Plants That Grow In Water

    Kitchen plants are herbs that root in Water and grow throughout the winter season and are also called perennial herbs. Producing herbs in winter will provide you with a small but regular supply through the winter. 

    It would help if you clipped each leaf as it grows to the full size. It will inspire the stem to grow more leaves at the top resulting in the growth of the branch throughout the month. 

    Here are some of the most common and easiest herbs:

    • Sage. 
    • Thyme.
    • Mint.
    • Oregano.
    • Basil.

    Growing Plants In A Glass Bottle

    The first step of creating a glass bottle garden is by the selection of the bottle. A bottle with a big opening will make planting easier.

    Wash the entire bottle both the outer part and inner part thoroughly, and let it to dry remove any toxic elements that could harm the plants.

    Bottle garden plant requires a particular type of soil that is porous soil. They complete both the targets of decaying roots and letting air get to the roots.

    You need to develop the soil sewerage by adding one inch of pea pebble to the bottom of the bottle, along with adding a small charcoal surface on top. 

    How To Grow Spider Plants In Water?

    Being easier to grow in Water for a short period of time, they are preferred mainly for the showcase. For these types of cultivation, no fertilizer and pesticides would be necessary as the little plant improves its roots.

    Now for this once, a good network of roots has formed, then there will be a need for fertilizer. It would help if you chose to go with liquid fertilizer or diluted houseplant food.

    You need to feed the cutting carefully every month as well as change the water every week else. There will be a salt build-up. 

    Now leaving the rooted spider plants in water restricts their overall growth. So if you are bound as well as determined to keep your plants suspended in water.

    Then you can take the use of skewers as they are accommodating in keeping the foliage from hanging in the liquid. Now fertilize it regularly and keep flushing weekly to prevent the water from being stagnant. 

    You may also like to buy indoor plant holders and vases for your water plants.

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    Last update on 2024-07-19 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

    How To Grow Plants From Cutting In Water?

    There is a great joy in propagating new plants by taking their stem cuttings and rooting them. The medium you can choose as a potting medium should be economical. It increases plant collection for the minimum to no cost. 

    This technique is commonly used in propagating house plants, especially in cold climates. The stem cuttings can be planted in a pot and can be grown into mature specimens. 

    How To Grow Bamboo Plants Indoors In Water?

    There are basically 100 species of bamboo that you can choose from to grow indoors. There needs to be mainly moisture checkups to make sure that bamboo is getting plenty amount of water. 

    The Required Steps Are As Follows:

    1. First, you should find a wide container, which can be a wide pot. Good drainage is the utmost for the survival of almost all species, so use sizeable holes in the box. 
    2. Since humidity is loved by bamboo, you need to consider a humidity tray.
    3. You should fill the jar/container with well-draining soil. 
    4. Then, you need to cultivate your bamboo at a shallow depth.

    Tip: With the proper amount of sewerage, bamboo can’t be overwatered. Being a new sprout, they must be watered almost two times weekly in the summer.

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    And more often once the temperature is hotter. Have a bit of patience as it takes more time and more care to grow indoor bamboo.

    How To Maintain Plants That Grow In Water?

    1. You can remove spent flowers and excess plant growth. 
    2. Now, if the floating plants multiply to cover more than 70% of the lake or pond areas, you can pull out and compost the excess foliage. 
    3. Water them in a relative manner.

    You may also like to read below tips in gardening below.

    List Of kitchen plants that grow in water?

    One great way to keep herbs and veggies fresh in your kitchen is to grow them in water. Some plants do really well with this method and can grow in water without dirt, like the ones below:

    • Basil: It’s easy to root and grows quickly in water.
    • Mint is very hardy and easy to grow from seeds in water.
    • Oregano: Cuttings that are put in water can be used to grow new plants.
    • Sage: It grows well in water at first, but it might do better if it is moved to dirt later.
    • Stevia: New stems can be grown in water and spread.
    • The best way to start thyme is to put leaves in water.
    • Rosemary needs a little more care, but it will root and grow in water.
    • Lemongrass: Just put the leaves in a glass of water to get it going.
    • Salvia or green onions: If you keep the roots in water, they will keep growing.
    • Lettuce: Some kinds, like romaine, can grow back from the base if you put them in water.
    • Cilantro: It can be planted and grown in water, but it might not grow as well.
    • Celery: If you put water on the base of a celery leaf, it will grow back.
    • Parsley: It can root and grow in water, but it takes a little longer to get going.

    Lists of water plants That grow indoors

    You can grow these plants in water pools, vases, or hydroponic systems inside:

    • To grow Pothos (Epipremnum aureum), just put cuttings in a jar of water. It’s very easy to do.
    • Lucky Bamboo, or Dracaena sanderiana, grows best in containers with water and rocks to support it.
    • Spider Plant, or Chlorophytum comosum, makes roots easily in water, especially from young plants.
    • Peace Lily (Spathiphyllum): The plant can grow in water as long as the soil is below the base of the plant.
    • Philodendron: These plants can grow for a long time in just water, like pothos.
    • English ivy (Hedera helix) roots and grows well in water, but it needs to be cut often.
    • Chinese Evergreen (Aglaonema): It can grow in water if the change is done slowly.
    • Syngonium: It can grow in water, but the water needs to be changed often.
    • Syngonium podophyllum, or the arrowhead plant, grows easily and does well in water.
    • Wandering Jew (Tradescantia): It roots quickly and grows quickly in water.

    LIsts of Outdoor plants that grow in water

    These plants do well in ponds, water gardens, and other outdoor water features:

    • Beautiful water plants called water lilies (Nymphaeaceae) do best in still, shallow water.
    • Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera): Needs full sun and a thicker, mud-based soil.
    • Water hyacinth, or Eichhornia crassipes, grows quickly and floats on water.
    • Water lettuce (Pistia stratiotes) is another plant that floats and gives animals a place to live and rest.
    • Cattails (Typha) do best in wet, shallow places.
    • Pickerel weed, or Pontetederia cordata, grows well along the sides of ponds that aren’t very deep.
    • Horsetail (Equisetum): Likes wet, shallow water or earth that is already wet.
    • Marsh Marigold (Caltha palustris): This plant adds color to a water garden.
    • Bog: This type of plant does well near the water of a pond.
    • Duckweed, or Lemna minor, grows on the surface of the water and helps get rid of algae, but it can spread quickly.


    Water-growing plants are considered for the benefits of delivering aquatic life and a purpose for living. As we have seen How Grow Plants In Water, isn’t very difficult.

    Furthermore, they also add a decorative pace for human vision. Growing plants in water is a delicate task and should be performed with concern and care.

    The mere benefits are directly proportional to the people who are far-reaching with many new users. However, both the freshwater and aquatic habitats are being threatened.

    These are often introduced from some other parts of the world for beneficial uses, and then they escape cultivation to form natural populations.