15 Tips For Growing Lemongrass From Seeds [step by step]

Lemongrass is a medicinal plant indigenous to Sri Lanka and South India which is currently grown in a variety of regions across the globe. The plant’s stems are commonly used in Asian cuisine, although lemongrass may also be used to produce tea.

Lengthy leaves resembling those of seagrasses cover the shrub. Just the Western Indian and Eastern Indian kinds of lemongrass remain acceptable for dining, although there are approximately 55 forms of lemongrass.

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Perhaps, the pointers in this article will show you how to start Growing Lemongrass From Seeds.

What is the Plant Profile Of Lemongrass

Both medical and health advantages of lemongrass tea have caught the attention of various scientists across the globe. 

Lemongrass can be recommended to relieve stomach aches, hypertension, seizures, discomfort, nausea, congestion, tingling joints (rheumatism), headache, cold symptoms, and tiredness. It’s even applied as a slight antiseptic and to destroy bacteria. 

Botanical NameCymbopogon Citratus Properties
OriginIndia and Sri Lanka
Type Of PlantOrnamental Grass
Best Growing SeasonSpring
Growing ZonesTropical 
Hardiness Zone 10 to 11

Is It Simple To Grow Lemongrass From Seed? 

Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) naturally occurs in Southeastern Asia’s moist plains and fully accessible woodlands and is extensively utilized as a leaf vegetable and medicinal. Lemongrass seedlings may develop upward to 5 meters tall and have a mounding development style.

How To Grow Lemongrass From seeds
How To Grow Lemongrass

Lemongrass is simple to cultivate from seeds but also demands very little if any maintenance once planted. The shrubs should, nonetheless, be maintained warm as well as moist for the first several weeks following sprouting. 

Drizzle lemongrass grasses regularly as they grow to keep the plants wet and damp. Lemongrass growing zones year-round is in USDA Areas 10 to 11. 

During the cold months, however, the optimal time to initiate cultivating lemongrass using seeds would be when the temperature begins to hover near 70 degrees Fahrenheit. 

It’s simpler to cultivate lemongrass from clippings than growing it using seeds.  

Identifying Best Seed For Cultivating Lemongrass 

Carefully place the lemongrass seeds inside the pre-moistened, sanitized seed commencing medium 5mm(a quarter inches). Seed dishes with polyethylene lids or jars sealed within big plastic bags are both good options. 

Retain a topsoil warmth of 21°C using base heat out of a Seedling Thermal Pad. Seed plates or jars should be stored in a dim environment or cabinet.

Within 5 to 20 days, the seeds will develop. The key is to keep the surroundings damp, not soggy. Discard the lid or polyethylene sack as seedlings sprout, then place them in the broad sun or under bright, broad array electric lighting.

Varieties Of Lemongrass 

Well over 50 varieties of grass species of the lemongrass are endemic to southeast Asia and Sri Lanka. Ornamental lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) is the most well-known grown form, and it’s widely used in Cambodian, Thai, and Vietnamese cooking. 

here we going to discuss the most used and beneficial type of lemongrass.

1. Ornamental Lemongrass 

  • Ornamental lemongrass, often known as oil grass,  as well as West Indian lemongrass, has always been a perennial annual herb that grows in USDA plant tolerance areas 10 to 11.
  • Its roots are frequently resistant to USDA area 8, and a harsh winter can cause the plant to lay inactive before resuming development the next year. 
  • Lemongrass grows in thick clusters reaching approximately 6 feet in height and 3 feet wide, with long, curving, pale green branches emerging from the center. 
  • This shrub condones moderate shadow but is not picky regarding growing conditions, but it thrives in bright sunlight in loamy, possibly the best topsoil. Split clusters in the spring and early summer to proliferate. 

2. Citronella 

  • Citronella (Cymbopogon nardus), commonly called nard plant or mana shrubs, is a lemongrass type used to make citronella oil.
  • Even though many individuals recognize this oil as something of an insecticide, it is still employed as a flavor enhancer ingredient and in the production of beauty products and fragrances. 
  • Citronella is a perennial plant that grows in USDA spots 10 to 12, though it does not usually survive rainy winter weather. 
  • Splitting and transplanting clusters throughout mid-august or early October increases the likelihood of survival particularly when some of the splits are kept inside till the next spring. 

3. Java Citronella 

  • The Java citronella (Cymbopogon winterianus) does seem to be native to Indonesia’s Java Coast. This lemongrass variety develops high, curving leaf branches that are colored golden or purplish and develop in tight, thick bunches. 
  • The plant prefers a silty loam medium with excellent permeability as well as a pH of 5.0 to 8.5, as well as a huge amount of sunlight and water.
  • Since healthy seeds seem tough to obtain along with this lemongrass, cluster splitting is the best technique to reproduce it.
  • Within USDA areas 9a to 11, this shrub is a perennial herb, although, in colder climates, it is planted as just an annual herb.

4. India Lemongrass 

  • Eastern India lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus), popularly called as Malabar plant, has a lemon scent as well as a smell with spicy, peppery overtones.
  • This perennial thrives under bright sunlight, intense temperatures, as well as chemically enriched loam dirt with adequate permeability within USDA spots 9 to 11. 
  • Eastern India lemongrass requires a huge amount of room in the field, although, in milder climes, it may be cultivated as a yearly plant in big pots. 
  • This type is a lovely border or fence plant since it yields high, violet seed heads At walkways, Eastern India lemongrass is cultivated to assist reduce soil erosion

Ideal Climates For Lemongrass 

Lemongrass seedlings thrive in hot, moist environments. Lemongrass seems to be a perennial in growth areas 10 and above, although it could also be cultivated like an annual in colder areas, however, it could seem challenging to cultivate outside in those areas.

Growing Lemongrass From Leaves
How To Grow Lemongrass Step By Step

When actively growing lemongrass outdoors, wait until the threat of cold has gone before growing lemongrass. Lemongrass requires approximately 100 days to mature, although it can take up to 8 months in extreme cases.

Lemongrass could be cultivated inside at any time of year and looks lovely in a container. 

Growing And Caring For Lemongrass From Seeds

Lemongrass plant care include the following;

1. Temperature 

  • Lemongrass prefers lengthy, hot growth periods in its native environment, and will thrive in environments that can mimic similar circumstances. 
  • Should you reside in a moderate environment throughout the year, then may grow your lemongrass straight inside the dirt in your yard and keep it throughout the year. 
  • Surface temps must stay beyond 40 degrees Fahrenheit without much variation in warmth to thrive outdoors all through winter. 
  • If you don’t reside in a moderate region, lemongrass seeds must be maintained in pots and taken indoors whenever the weather drops below freezing. 
  • Usually, lemongrass seedlings will perish throughout the winter, but with adequate treatment, they would be ready to initiate growing again once spring arrives. 

2. Soil

Lemongrass thrives on sandy loams, fertile topsoil Organic matter, dung, as well as foliage rot are mostly nourishing ingredients that may be used at planting time to produce this perfect soil.

3. Water

  • Lemongrass appreciates a damp, though not wet, soil environment. If you’re growing lemongrass inside a yard, irrigate once every couple of days and anytime the uppermost layer of soil gets parched. 
  • Lemongrass seeds in pots do not have to be irrigated more regularly throughout the warmer months, probably each one to two days. You could irritate the shrub less often throughout the cold season when it is inactive.
  • You may nourish lemongrass using water-soluble plant nutrients after a few days through the summer months.

4. Measurements  

Even though lemongrass stems can grow to be a foot long or maybe more, their fragrance is concentrated in the base 5 inches or more of the stem. 

5. Space Between Plants

If you’re going to grow lemongrass on any planting layouts, maintain a distance of 3 feet around each seedling. If you’re going to plant lemongrass inside a planter, make sure it’s at a minimum of 16 inches wide. Lemongrass may also be stored in five-gallon barrels. 

6. Companions

  • Lemongrass offers a bright distinction for the golden foliage, and the fragrant oil serves to hold unwanted pests at bay.
  • One can easily pull off the foliage and apply the essential oil to the body to shield oneself and one’s family against mosquitoes, as well as the seedlings from insects like whiteflies.
  • Complementary Plants for Lemongrass Natural flavor options are conveniently located somewhere off the cooking area in herb planters on the window ledge or terrace. 
  • Herbs, that benefit from bright sunlight and excellently medium, are excellent companion plants for lemongrass. Among the possibilities is Cilantro which is a herb that comes from MexicoThyme Mint, and Basil

How To Germinate Lemongrass Quickly

Growing lemongrass from seeds is quick and easy. Follow the listed steps below;

  1. Load a seed plate halfway with a dampened combination of manure, cocopeat, preferably good as well as gritty coconut husk. Level the base and compact the remaining half to one centimeter of the gap beneath the base and also the plate’s lid. 
  2. Lemongrass seedlings should be sown one inch wide as well as one quarter inch depth. Compress your soil mix onto the seedlings’ crowns. 
  3.  Using a spritz can spritz your lemongrass seedlings with water. Apply a little mist to the topsoil layer till it seems wet.
  4.  Wrap the corners of the plastic cover around the seedling plate. Place the plate on a window ledge that gets plenty of lighting.
  5. Once per week, unwrap the plastic cover to hydrate the lemongrass seedlings. Spritz the topsoil layer till it is moist to the upper half to one inch.
  6.  At around ten to thirty days, you should see sprouting. When the lemongrass seedlings have matured to a length of one inch, discard the plastic cover.

Repotting Lemongrass step by step

Since lemongrass plant seeds develop so fast, repotting becomes a must whenever it’s cultivated in pots.

  • Assuming you left your lemongrass in containers outdoors over the warmer months, it’s a smart option to repot it before actually when the colder weather sets in once you take it indoors.  
  • Lemongrass grows best in pots that are eight inches deep as well as eight inches wide. If you grow your lemongrass much larger than this, it will become unmanageable to maintain indoors.  
  • Carefully take the plant near the dirt and pull it out of the planter to repot properly. When the plant is especially root-bound, that might be a difficult task, because you may have to fracture the container in an attempt to access the shrub.
  • After you’ve taken the root system out of the container, cut it in halves or quarters. After that, you may put every new tiny shrub in its own container containing appropriate compost To survive winter, hydrate the plants thoroughly and place them in a sunny, warm location indoors.  

Growing Lemongrass From Stalks

Select the healthiest stalk at your local grocery store or health food store, remove any fallen branches, then put in a jug of water upon a sunlit window ledge. 

After several days, you will notice roots growing, therefore remove your clipping and plant it into your yard ground surface.  

Growing Lemongrass From Cuttings 

Lemongrass cuttings purchased from the store may be used to plant lemongrass

  • Remove any branches of the cutting so that just the stem remains. 
  • If the cutting is just a clean stalk, then it is required to preserve it in a cup of water for a few nights.
  • Continue to hydrate the shrub and remove any fallen branches. It should be quite enough to water once a week or thrice a week.  

Pruning Lemongrass 

Lemongrass stems that last a single year profit from a yearly trim to keep them neat and eliminate dead leaves. Trim the plants to approximately 6 inches tall toward the conclusion of the wintertime when they’re dormant.

Whenever the temperature warms up again, lemongrass stalks will swiftly recover and put up fresh shoots.

Harvesting Lemongrass 

Lemongrass is a fast-growing herb that can survive harvesting while the stems are immature without affecting their development. Though its leafy greens segments are too difficult to chew, they can be snipped and used in tea or soup. 

Once crushed or chopped, the succulent stalks provide a pleasant lemon flavor to recipes. Detach specific stalks from each pile with a hand shovel, root systems, and everything.

Detach the harsh old leaves and cut or refrigerate entire stalk portions for future usage, or cut the thick outermost foliage and start preparing the soft white stems by cutting.

faqs on Growing Lemongrass From Seeds

Q1: Known Pest And Diseases Of Lemongrass 

Lemongrass Seedlings Can Be Affected By Rust Fungus In Some Places. Brown Dots Or Stains On Leaves Are Signs Of The Disease, Which Will Result In Lemongrass Plant Seed Mortality. Plants Should Be Watered At The Base Level To Avoid Rust.  

Q2: What Is The Duration Of Growing Lemongrass From Seed? 

Lemongrass That Are Started From Seeds Should Be Eligible For Extraction Within 75 To 100 Days After Planting. 

Q3: Is It Possible To Grow Lemongrass From Seed Indoors? 

Yes, Definitely! In Truth, For Colder Areas, Cultivating Lemongrass Inside Is A Must. 

Q4: Is Lemongrass Harmful To Animals? 

It Is Not Hazardous To Humans, But It Is Harmful To Canines, Kittens, And Other Animals. 

Q5: Is It Possible To Germinate Lemongrass From Seed? 

Yes. It Is Possible, It Will Take Weeks To Sprout. 

Q6: Is Lemongrass Effective In Repelling Mosquitoes? 

Lemongrass Contains Citronella Oil, Which Is The Major Element In Organic Mosquito Repellent Incense.  

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Final words 

Lemongrass has a pleasant aroma. Lemongrass seeds should be planted in areas where you can be able to smell them. Lemongrass has a pleasant scent that goes well in rear gardens, across sidewalks or roads, and even inside your house. 

Lemongrass plant seeds require a great deal of fertilizer to grow. Sprinkle a nitrogen-rich organic fertilizer upon it each couple of weeks for the greatest results. If you’re growing lemongrass among other vegetation, keep in mind that the vast majority of plants can’t handle quite as much fertilizer. 

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