11 Croton Plant Care And Grow Tips

Along with Its strong and vivid leaf, the Croton plant, sometimes known as garden croton, is renowned for its alluring look.

For Croton Plant Care, follow these steps. This article will explain what to do for a Croton, as well as its light, temperature, even humidity requirements, as well as any supplemental care it may require to thrive.

It has a notoriety for always being sensitive as well as demanding upkeep and a resilient houseplant, pretty much identical to the Fiddle Leaf Fig, however in truth, once you grasp how to maintain your Croton plant, it will be effortless to cultivate and difficult to destroy.

Bit of trivia: The Croton plant’s seeds have been utilized to manufacture medicine that unloads and flushes the stomach as well as intestines, including for relieving clogged intestines, gallbladder issues, malaria even colic. Croton seeds, on the other hand, are thought to be dangerous, particularly to expectant mothers.

Just a few potted plants are as colorful or stunning as the Croton plant. This bright potted plant is indigenous to Australia as well as Southeast Asia, also, its wide, shiny green leaves are speckled with cream, pink, red, orange, yellow, or even black. It is a good decor plant.

Why Are Crotons So Popular?

Few houseplants are as striking or vivid as the croton (Codiaeum variegatum). When it comes to bright, beautiful, multicolored houseplants, crotons’ glossy, broad green leaves striped or spattered with cream, yellow, orange, red, pink, or black turn heads like no other. 

Croton Plant Care
Croton Plant Care

Native to Southeast Asia and Australia, these vigorous houseplants grow quickly in good conditions i.e., lots of light and damp soil. Without pruning, crotons can grow to three or four feet high in just a few years. 

Since they come in so many striking varieties and are fairly easy to care for indoors, the most difficult thing about adopting a croton tree might just be picking your favourite.

Is Croton Indoor Or Outdoor Plant?

In warm areas, the croton plant is commonly cultivated outdoors, however, it furthermore makes great indoor plants.

Croton plants may be grown in pots and preserved inside, however they need to be placed in a position that gets enough sunshine. The croton’s hues will fade in the absence of sunshine.

A croton plant indoors does have a notoriety for getting sensitive, although if you understand how to appropriately care for a croton potted plant, it could be a hardy and difficult-to-kill plant.

In the eventuality of a dry internal atmosphere, a humidifier might well be beneficial for enclosed croton. When maintained indoors, the plant is prone to becoming dusty. When this occurs, you may either spritz the plant outside or utilize a moist sponge to wipe unwanted dust or insect leftovers.

Is Croton Easy To Grow Houseplant?

The croton (Codiaeum variegatum) seems to possess it all: vibrant leaf plant with red and green leaves, virtually infinite leaf shapes, plus a cultish appeal.

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However, there is a disadvantage to these shrubs: they are tough to satisfy indoors. Crotons prefer damp, warm environments having diffused light and plenty of water within their natural habitats.

While developing them inside, the major problem is keeping the appropriate temperature; if it becomes too chilly, they begin to lose leaves. Crotons, on the other hand, are good enough to justify the trouble since well-grown croton becomes a colorful upsurge.

What Are the Benefits Of A Croton Plant?

Croton oil has the following health advantages:

What Are the Benefits Of A Croton Plant?
What Are the Benefits Of A Croton Plant?

1. Exfoliate skin

Croton extract is often used to make synthetic peels, which are used to exfoliate the skin. When placed on the skin, it smothers a small coating of the epidermis, causing a burning feeling and severe discomfort. Croton oil causes intense pain, inflammation, and stinging, but Croton oil-based synthetic skin peels possess the most severe side effects and dangers.

2. Treat constipation

Croton extract has been used in traditional Chinese medication to treat constipation. This should only be used under the guidance of a qualified health professional.

3. Eliminate parasites

Croton extract helps to get rid of intestinal organisms like Schistosomiasis.

4. Treat cancer

Against cancer cells, croton extract has a cytocidal impact. It can also be used to treat skin eruptions, eczema, or even urticarial infections.

Croton Plant Profile

Botanical NameCodiaeum variegatum
OriginTropical part of 
Type Of PlantEvergreen shrub
Best Growing SeasonSpring
Growing Zones11, 12
Sun ExposureBright, indirect sunshine
Soil TypeExcellent potting medium
Soil pHNeutral
Flower ColorVaries And Ranges In Different Color According To Varieties
Bloom TimeIndoor plants rarely flower
ToxicityToxic To Humans And Animals
Other NamesVariegated Laurel, Garden Croton

Planting Instructions For Croton

  • Take into account while selecting a vessel for your yellow croton because the plant usually grows vertically, which might also lead it to get big and bulky.
  • Choose a vessel that won’t readily topple over while the croton grows. Alternatively, aim to gradually increase the size of your containers.
  • Choose a potting medium that drains properly. Croton prefers a damp but again not wet environment.
  • Croton may be cultivated outside as a distinctive and vibrant landscaping plant in places with hot, damp summers.
  • They look great in tropical-themed vessels or in the soil with annual crops. Croton must be brought inside while nighttime conditions dip below 50°F (10°C).

Croton Plant Care Indoor

1. Light

To achieve full, bright color, place your variegated houseplant inside a sunny area wherein it may get significant sunlight or maximum exposure for at most six to eight hours per day. Various Croton varieties, on the other hand, may withstand moderate shade.

Typical Difficulties: Whenever the tone of your Croton plant’s foliage is fading, it’s possible that it’s not getting enough sunshine. Nevertheless, if the foliage is going brown, it may be because it is exposed to too much sunlight.

Treatment: While your Croton tree likes bright exposure or whole sunshine, overexposure to the sun for an extended period of time might result in burnt brown patches or sunburn.

2. Potting

  • By spring, replant croton if necessary. Select a container that is just one dimension wider than the existing content of the plant.
  • Fill the fresh container with 1 to 2 inches of moist peat-based garden soil. 
  • Cover the surrounding of the roots using potting soil then place it inside the fresh container.
  • If necessary, water the shrub and apply more soil to raise the soil depth to approximately 1 inch underneath the lip of the fresh container.

3. Water

  • The succeeding step on how to take care of tropical plant’s checklist is to hydrate it whenever the soil is parched.
  • This is dependent on the conditions and the intensity of sunlight available to your Croton shrub. It could be done on a regular or weekly basis.
  • Important to remember that the soil must never be allowed to dry out for a lengthy period of time.
  • During the summertime, maintain your Croton plant moderately damp, but not soggy, since this can promote root rot, which is harmful to plants.
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Typical Issue: Whenever your Croton plant’s foliage begins to droop, it may indicate that it requires more water.

Workaround: Examine the foliage of your Croton plant to see whether it requires water. Whenever this plant is hungry, the foliage begins to droop. Overwatering your Croton shrub can create root rot, which is challenging to cure and can damage your plant.

4. Soil

A gardening soil that drains properly is ideal.

5. Temperature

Further ways on how to care for Croton plants is to place them in an area having high moisture, like your bathroom, having a moisture level of 40 percent to 80 percent.

Croton is a Moisture-loving shrub, so misting it frequently, placing it alongside a humidifier, or using a pebble tray are all good options.

Ambient temperature, around 60°F and 70°F, is ideal for your Croton flower. Allowing the temperature to drop below 60 degrees Fahrenheit might trigger the plant to shed its leaves and perhaps die.

6. Fertilizing

Throughout the growing season, use slow-release granules or fluid fertilizer.

7.Pest And Croton Disease

Thrips, spider mites, scale, Mealybugs as well as are typical pests that attack croton shrubs. Wipe your Croton bush using neem oil plus water on a daily basis to keep pests at bay. Cotton wool soaked with rubbing alcohol could be used to kill mealybugs.

8. Toxicity

The Croton shrub is toxic in all segments, particularly the seeds.

What Are The Best Varieties Of Crotons To Have?

It’s astonishing that there is just one form of this plant having such a great range (C. variegatum).

Crotons, on the other hand, are biologically unsteady, so every plant is distinctive, and collectors appreciate intriguing variants.

Stretching, coiled, oak leaf, thin, wide, and round are some of the leaf types seen in crotons. Among the most prominent Croton Plant varieties are:

  • C. variegatum var. pictum: Like a potted plant, it develops 3 to 6 feet long with large, vividly striped leaves in yellow, green, orange, red, purple as well as bronze.
  • C. variegatum ‘Gold Star‘: Tiny, straight green leaves having brilliant yellow patterning; develops to just approximately 20 inches tall and possesses a tree-like appearance.
  • C. variegatum ‘Petra‘: Ovoid, green foliage with prominent speckles in yellow, pink, orange, and red colors are a popular variant that may grow to be 3 to 6 feet tall.

Why Are Croton Plant Leaves Falling Off?

Several diverse stresses might trigger a croton plant to shed its foliage. Transferring the croton plant from inside to outside (or conversely) can cause stress, as can an inequality of critical nutrient content.

  1. These variegated tropical plants, in a broad sense, dislike significant changes in their surroundings.
  2. Croton variants might be irritable for a few days or even weeks after moving to a new house or being transferred to a different place inside the home.
  3. As a result, any symptoms of visible alteration, like wilting, dropping leaves, or discoloration, should be observed.
  4. Allow time for a croton plant to acclimatize to its new surroundings.
  5. It might settle in then begin to develop again following some period.
  6. Provided each of the other conditions are satisfied, it would very inevitably recuperate by itself, however, if the shrub has not been relocated lately, leaf loss might be related to other factors.

How Do You Propagate a Croton Plant?

Stem clippings are a simple way to grow crotons. To improve your chances of development, apply a rooting enzyme. Crotons can generate “sports,” or branches, that are dissimilar to the original tree.

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These could be grown on their own. Crotons are difficult to cultivate from seed since the plant is unsteady, also the offspring will not look like the parent.

Clippings seem to be the only way to get a plant that looks exactly like the parent.

Is Croton Plant Easy To Grow In Summers?

Considering croton sturdiness is restricted to temperatures below freezing and perhaps somewhat beyond, northern growers should only try to cultivate the plant outside during the hottest summertime periods.

  • To preserve the leaf hues vibrant, place the plant in a location that enjoys lots of bright yet ambient lighting.
  • Also, avoid placing the plant in an area whereby it will be exposed to chilly northern breezes.
  • Utilize an excellent draining gardening medium and a pot that is wide enough to accommodate the root ball while yet allowing for some growth.
  • Croton dislikes transplanting, which must be performed only each 3 to 5 years or perhaps as necessary.

How To Harvest Seeds From Croton?

Croton plant seeds end up losing their sprouting potential fast, therefore sow them as soon as possible after harvesting.

  1. It’s also worth noting that the sprouting phase requires a long period, also, more importantly, reproductive propagation never preserves varietal traits.
  2. Big croton seedlings must be soaked inside warm water for approximately 30 minutes at 140 degrees Fahrenheit prior to sowing and allowed to expand for 24 hours.
  3. Sowing is done at a thickness of 0.4 inches, with a condition of 75 ℉ required for seedling development. 
  4. The potting medium inside the seed vessel is kept wet by sprinkling from the underside till the shoots emerge.
  5. The seedlings are placed in different containers having a width of 3 inches once the third foliage emerges and is tended to as mature croton.

How Do You Care For Croton Plant Outdoors

Plants cultivated in suitable zones like tropical plants zone 9 outside will require somewhat extra water compared to ones cultured indoors.

This is due to the fact that sunshine absorbs moisture plus wind has a propensity to swiftly dry up soil. 

  • Protect bigger plants inside the soil using a burlap bag or an unused blanket once they are threatened by a cold spell.
  • To avoid branches from snapping, use supports around the shrub to bear the pressure of the blanket.
  • Compost using at minimum 5 cm (2 inches) of plant matter about the plants. It will shield the bases from the frost, keep pests at bay, and gradually nourish the plant once the matter degrades.
  • Raise plants within pots and transfer them indoors as instantly as fall arrives in which frost is sudden and intense.
  • This could preserve the plant, also you can tend to it inside till the first heat beams of spring arrive, at which point it can be moved outdoors after the threat of frost has gone.

How Tall Does A Croton Plant Get?

Croton Is A Sprawling, Dense Plant That Reaches Approximately 10 Feet In Length In Its Natural Environment, However, Potted Plants Are Often Considerably Shorter Than The Natural Plant.

Do Croton Plants Flower?

They Do Blossom, However, Their Small, Star-Shaped Yellow Blooms, Which Dangle In Long Bunches Among The Enormous Leaves, Are Negligible. 

Does the Croton Plant Grow Fast?

Crotons Plants Develop Slowly To Moderately, Reaching A Height Of Approximately 12 Inches In A Single Planting Period.

What Is The Best Way To Get My Croton Tree Bushy?

Carefully Clip Off The Required Length Of Limbs Or Stalks, As Well As The Plant Will Quickly Fill Up.


These brilliant, vibrant plants have so many uses in the environment there are no limits to what you can do with them. Landscaping with Crotons is very ideal.

Crotons in a colorful, festive cluster or hedge look lovely. Inside a tiny garden, a single plant maintained as a showpiece plant provides a lovely conversation item.

Make certain that your Croton is in a fixed location, regardless of wherever you put it. These plants don’t like it when they’re moved about.