How To Plant Fig Tree From Cutting: Step by Step Fig Propagation Guide

The wonderful fig tree is among our most ancient cultivated fruits. It has a long history in some of the world’s most diverse and ancient cultures and is so versatile that it can be used in both tasty and delicious dishes. If you want to grow figs from seed in your own backyard, you might be thinking, “Can figs grow from seed or cuttings ?”

In order to Plant Fig Tree From Cutting, You will actually germinate fig fruit seedlings but do not expect the same variety or gender as the parent crop. Planting crops from twigs or cuttings is a great, low-cost way to propagate your favorite trees. Growing fig trees from cuttings are simple and enjoyable if you follow a few simple measures. Continue reading to learn how to start roots on branch cuttings or through seedlings.

What Are The Ways For Fig Propagation?

Fig tree propagation can be done both sexually and asexually.

How To Plant Fig Tree From Cutting
How To Plant Fig Tree From Cutting

1. Sexual propagation

While figs can be grown from fig seeds, it is not encouraged unless new cultivars are being developed. Plants grown from seed do not always have the same characteristics as their parents. Furthermore, only certain seeds develop into female fig trees with edible fruit, while others develop into male fig trees with tiny, inedible fruit.

Numerous small fruits and seeds are found in figs.By floating seeds in water, inviable seeds can be distinguished from viable ones. The seed that is viable sinks and can be germinated. Seeds that do not fall to the bottom of the container are inviable and should be disposed of.

2. Asexual propagation

Fig is most commonly grown from a cutting to make sure that newly developed trees are female and the true type, with the same characteristics as the parent tree from which cuttings were gotten.

3. Cuttings

Cuttings are widely used to propagate fig plants. When growing fig-trees, use dormant cuttings of two to three-year-old wood, or the basal sections of a healthy 1st-year shoot with a heel of the two-year branch at the bottom. the cuttings should have a diameter of half to three-quarter inches and a length of 8 to 12 inches. Cuttings should be ready in early spring, long before bud breeding, for better results.

4. Grafting

 To alter the fruit variety, the fig tree branch can be budded onto an established rootstock. T-buds can be inserted into active one-year-old shoots on moderately pruned plants, or mature shoots can be patch-budded. Current varieties may also be top-worked using cleft or bark grafting.

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5. Layering

While nursery stock should be used for commercial plantings, planting figs tree can be done by ground or air layering. To ensure proper rooting in midsummer, layering should be done in early spring with one-year-old branches, this method best answer the question “How to plant a fig tree branch”.

Best Time To Plant A Fig Tree?

When to plant Fig trees is when they are in the dormant season. In most cases, it is during the spring that a fig tree is best planted. but figs can be propagated in the early winter in warm climate areas. Figs grown in containers, on the other hand, should be planted in the spring.

How To Start A Fig Tree Process Step By Step?

Propagating a fig tree from cutting is a rather easy process. Below is the procedure to follow on how to grow a fig tree from cutting.

  • Step 1: If possible, propagate the tree during the dormant season (winter). If you are not able to plant during the dormant season, you can try it at any other time with slightly less success.
  • Step 2: Take a few fig tree cuttings from your favorite tree. Pick young branches with a thickness of half to one cm and a cutting length of ten to twenty cm.
  • Step 3: Slice the lower end of the branch at a 45-degree angle and position it in the small, 10-centimeter-wide pot loaded with manure. You don’t need special manure or soil for this; any compost will suffice. water the plant adequately.
  • Step 4: Position the pot in a bright spot, but not under direct sun, position away from the wind.
  • Step 5: Inspect the soil each day for dryness and water as needed if it becomes very dry.
  • Step 6: As quickly as your planted fig cuttings begin to grow faster, move them to larger pots.
  • Step 7: Once the tree has grown in strength, wait for the dormant season (autumn or winter) to plant the new tree in the ground, in a sunny and protected area.

Rooting fig tree cuttings in water steps

How To Plant Fig Tree From Cutting
How To Plant Fig Tree From Cutting

Below is a highlight on how to grow a fiddle leaf fig tree.

Keep the cuttings in a plain glass vase full of water in a dark, bright location away from direct sunlight. Change the water when the water became cloudy, which only occurred a few times.Allow resting for a day so that the chlorine will evaporate in case you want to use room temperature tap water.

This is one of the benefits of rooting in water as improvement can be seen.After 4 weeks, some small popcorn-like spots will appear on the stem base of the water-soaked cuttings.

Roots will start growing in the water after six to eight weeks. Throughout this time, changing the water is not necessary. The rooted Fiddle Leaf Fig cuttings should be placed in the ground as soon as the roots grow to about one to two inches in length.

Steps To Follow When Planting Fig Cuttings Directly In The Ground

Plant the Cuttings

After being treated, the cuttings are ready to plant. Most gardeners suggest planting 6 to 8 cuttings because some are unlikely to survive the process. The flat base of the cuttings should be 6 inches below the ground’s surface and at least 12 inches away from all other plants. This will provide the fig tree with space it requires to grow and prosper. Repeat the process when planting a fig tree from cuttings.

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Provide Water and Sunlight

While fig trees may grow in arid climates, they still need to be watered on a regular basis after transplanting fig tree. Since the fig must be rooted in arid soil, limit watering to every couple of weeks. It is likely that the cutting will suffer from mild transplant shock, so don’t be shocked if it doesn’t develop right away. 

When it comes to sunshine, the cuttings can need a lot of it. Most fig trees thrive when they receive at least 8 hours of direct sunlight a day, so place the cuttings in a bright spot where they won’t be affected by shade. If everything works well, the cuttings can expand between 36 and 48 inches in the first year.

How To Grow A Fig Tree In A Container Steps

Fig Propagation From Cutting
How To Plant Fig Tree From Cutting

Planting in container steps:

When planting a fig tree in a container, use a container that has a minimum oftwelve to fourteen inches diameter and fill it up with good soil when planning for a small fig tree. If you want to fertilize, combine some screened fertilizer with good potting soil in the container to bring more nutrients and help preserve moisture.

Since a soil-filled planting container is very heavy, consider using a lighter plastic or resin pot. I recommend a plastic pot over a clay pot because it holds moisture better and weighs less. Position the pot in a spot where it can receive direct sunlight and water it regularly to keep it from drying off. Fig trees do not need a lot of extra fertilizer because they are not heavy feeders.

Once the leaves begin to yellow and fall in the autumn, then it’s time to bring the tree inside. Keep it in an unheated garage or basement during the winter, where the tree would go dormant. Dormant trees do not need sunlight and can be stored in complete darkness. Throughout the winter, water the tree on a regular basis, leaving the soil to dry entirely between waterings.

How To Care For Fig Plant After Planting

Pruning back freshly planted fig trees by half is recommended. This might seem to be discomforting, but it will allow the growing fig tree to focus on forming strong roots. Since your fig will not bear fruit until around the second or third year, quick and early pruning gives you a good start.

Just after the tree has formed itself, pruning should be done every year in late winter, before it comes out from dormancy. Apply a balanced one pound of fertilizer to your fig per year of age of the tree or per foot of growth. Watering on a regular basis is important during the fig plant growing season. Mulching the roots with straw or grass clippings will help keep them moist. Premature fruit drop can be caused by dry roots.

How long does it take for a fig cutting to root fully? 

Because of the simplicity of their rooting, quick, and vigorous growth when young, figs are among the earliest woody plants that many farmers try to cultivate by cuttings. Most species root easily typically in about three weeks, making figs a popular entry point into the enthralling world of woody tree cultivation

Buds will start to open after around a month, but do not get too anxious or excited and transfer them into the pot too early.If a fig tree is potted up too soon, figs are vulnerable to collapse. Wait for two months before you pot them up, but if they’re growing successful vigorous shoots, you can be fairly certain they’re adequately rooted and pot them up.

FAQs: Here are some popular fig tree questions that are being frequently asked on plant fig tree from cutting

Can You Grow A Fig Tree From A Dried Fig?

“Yes.” Fill a flat container with a planting mixture medium made of equal parts organic matter, vermiculite, and fine volcanic rock. Moisten the medium before mixing in the seed and gardening sand. 

Are Coffee Grounds Good For Fig Trees?

Yes, coffee grounds are beneficial. They provide some, though not all, of the minerals required by plants, They also improve soil structure for improved water drainage and roots air circulation.

What Temperature Will Kill A Fig Tree?

Figs flourish in warm climates, prolonged cold weather stunts growth, limits fruit set, and production, and a prolonged freeze can destroy them. Temperatures ranging from -23 to -26 degrees Celsius will likely kill the growing fig tree. 

How Many Years Will It Take A Fig Tree To Start Bearing Fruit?

Fruit on fig trees usually begins to ripe after about three to five years after planting. Few cultivars begin earlier, but this is the standard. With proper work and attention, your tree’s fruit will begin to ripen. 

How Do I Know If My Cuttings Have Rooted?

If the plant is still alive after about 1 or 2 months, the leaves have not yet fallen off, and new growth is visible, then it has rooted. After some weeks, you should gently pull at the cutting to see if it holds.

Can You Cut A Branch Off A Tree And Plant It?

“Yes” To begin planting trees from twigs, cut parts of tree branches 15-25 centimeters long with a sharp, cleaned knife. Cut the leaves and buds. You should transplant the young growing plant into a large pot after the fig root cuttings have successfully rooted in water or soil.

The bottom line

Once you have learned how to grow figs by planting fig seeds or cuttings directly or in the garden, you will be able to enjoy this pleasant and delicious fruit from the comfort of your own backyard at any time. Simply remember to correctly secure and handle the cuttings, and you will be rewarded by them growing healthy and strong in no time.

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